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Creating a Risk Management Plan

A good risk management plan is critical to cutting down on unexpected project risks. A strong plan can decrease problems on a project by as much as 80 to 90 percent. Follow this practical approach to creating an effective risk management plan.

The 6 Step Process:

Step One: Risk Identification and Risk Register

The first step in writing the plan is to assemble all stakeholders and identify all possible project risks. This can be done from various reports, project documents, through various departments and also from prior project reports. The project scope is the rule book that guides the project, therefore all possible risks that the scope indicates will also have to be documented. All documentation of risks will have to be done in the Risk Register.

Step Two: Risk Analysis Methods

Every project is faced with risks. There is no 100% certainty that risks will not occur. There are risks that creep up at various phases of the project that the team has to be vigilant and ready to handle. However, while some risks may be beneficial, in that the sponsor and all team members have to take them to reach the end product, there are many risks that harm and hinder the project.
The risks that are identified have to be analysed for their probability and impact using the PI Matrix and also translated into numerical values so as to accurately know the outcome of these risks on the cost, time and resource factors. There are two methods of risk analysis; Qualitative and Quantitive Risk Analysis

Step Three: Identify Risk Triggers

Divide the risk management planning team into subgroups and assign segments of the master risk list to each subgroup. The job of each subgroup is to identify triggers, or warning signs, for each risk on its segment of the master list. Again, it is important to document all triggers associated with each risk. Three triggers per risk are standard.

Step Four: Risk Resolution ideas

In Step Four, the sub-teams identify and document preventive actions for the “threats” and enhancement actions for the “opportunities.” This can be approached through the various departments involved, such as Financial Risk reports, HR Risk Reports, IT Risk Reports, etc.
Risks are unknown events that are inherently neutral. They can be characterized as either positive or negative. Unfortunately, a lot of time and energy is spent handling negative project risks, or “threats” rather than positive risks, or “opportunities”. No organization should overlook the chance to benefit from any opportunities that present themselves.

Step Five: Risk Resolution Action Plan 

In Step Five, based on the collective ideas of all the departmental teams, the project manager will have to decide on a plan of action to bring about risk resolution. Risks with a high P-I value will have to be treated with utmost urgency while those with the least probability or impact can just be monitored without having any real action plan. Identifying the most serious risks at the onset of a project saves time, cost and resources, and likewise identification of such risks also trigger the resolution plan at the earliest moment.

Step Six: Responsibility and Accountability

The last step in writing a risk management plan is assigning an owner for each risk on the master list. Use the Responsibility Assignment matrix. Using this chart, various teams and team members may be assigned responsibility for carrying out the risk resolution plans. At the end, the project manager is solely accountable to the project sponsor for all the plans and actions related to the risks and project at large.

Proper documentation, such as risk assessment reports, is important during every step of the planning process. A risk management plan should be incorporated into every project management plan. A generic list of risks and triggers can be generated from this initial plan. To apply the risk plan to future projects, simply add project-specific risks and triggers and assess the probability, impact, and detectability for each risk. This, in turn, will save time and help institutionalize the risk management plan into the project team’s culture. This practical approach to writing a project management plan holds good for all project types and works well as basic risk management guidelines.

Related: Bright Hub Project Management

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